I find THIS (below) S U P E R interesting:
[via io9] An Illustrated History Of Gas Masks ~Vincze Miklós
The gas mask has a history that dates back thousands of years, though it wasn’t until World War I that it became nightmare fodder for Doctor Who and countless other stories. Here is a sometimes terrifying history of the gas mask, from its beginnings through the present day.
Playing leapfrog, 1934
Above. Able seamen at the Royal Navy Anti-Gas School at Tipnor, Portsmouth play leapfrog wearing gas masks, to accustom them to carrying out strenuous tasks in respirators, on January 22 1934.
(Photo by William Vanderson/Fox Photos/Getty Images)
The common sponge, ancient Greece
According to the Popular Mechanics (January 1984):
“The common sponge was used in ancient Greece as a gas mask, a compress, a contraceptive – and, of course, for bathing.”
(via Wikimedia Commons/Tom Oates)
Banū Mūsā Gas Mask, c. 850 A.D
This gas mask was designed by the Banu Musa brothers in Baghdad, Iraq to protect workers working in polluted wells. The device was mentioned in the brothers book “Book of Ingenious Devices” that describes 100 inventions.
(Illustrations are from the brothers’ book, but not about the gas mask, via Wikimedia Commons 1 – 2)
Plague Doctor’s Mask
The bird-like beak mask was often filled with sweet or strong smelling herbs or spices – lavender, mint, camphor or dried roses. They’ve believed it would banish the evil smells.
(via Wikimedia Commons/Traité de la peste, 1721 and etsy/Tom Banwell)
Alexander von Humboldt’s mask, 1799
It was the first device with respirator, invented for miners by a Prussian mining official Alexander von Humboldt.
(via Asher Rare Books)
A smoke protecting apparatus for firemen by John and Charles Deane, 1823
In the early 1820s John Deane have seen a burning stable with trapped horses in it. To get through the smoke and rescue all the horses he put on an old knight-in-armor helmet air-pumped by a hose from a fire brigade water pump. The saving was successful, and in 1823 John and Charles Deane have invented the Smoke Helmet:
“An apparatus or machine to be worn by persons entering rooms or other places filled with smoke or other vapour, for the purpose of extinguishing fire or extricating persons or property therein.”
The device was a single copper helmet with a long leather hose attached to the rear. A long leather hose was attached to the rear. Five years later it was converted for underwater use.
Lewis Haslett: “Inhaler or Lung Protector”, 1847, patented in 1849
It allowed breathing through a nose or mouthpiece fitted with two one-way clapper walves. The filter was made of wool or other porous substances with water could keeping out dust.
(via Google Patent Search)
The charcoal air-filter of John Stenhouse, 1854 (patented in 1860 and 1867)
In the copper-framed mask there was powdered wood charcoal between the two hemispheres. The charcoal could be replaced through a small door in the wire gauze.
(via Wikimedia Commons)
John Tyndall’s respirator, 1871
The Irish physicist took Stenhouse’s mask and added a filter of cotton wool saturated with charcoal, lime and glycerin. The new device has filtered smoke and some noxious gases from air.
(via Wikimedia Commons and steampunksp)
Samuel Barton’s respirators, 1874
This respirator had rubber-and-metal face cover, glass eyepieces, rubber-coated hood and a metal canister on the front of the mask contained lime, glycerin-soaked cotton wool and charcoal.
(via Google Patent Search/148868)
Smoke-Excluding Mask, George Neally, 1877 and 1879
The first version had a filter carried on the chest, but two years later he patented another version with the filter mounted directly on the facepiece.
(via Google Patent Search – 1 and 2)
Fleuss Apparatus, 1878
The rubberized mask covered the whole face was connected via tubes to a breathing bag.
(via History of Diving Museum)
…[Read More - See All HERE!]
Given the news of late, of the viruses (Thanks, Science–You guys SUCK!!!!) that could spark a Global Outbreak?
I’m getting far more that just a tad bit concerned:
[via Independent.Uk.co] ‘Appalling irresponsibility’: Senior scientists attack Chinese researchers for creating new strains of influenza virus in veterinary laboratory ~by Steve Connor
Experts warn of danger that the new viral strains created by mixing bird-flu virus with human influenza could escape from the laboratory to cause a global pandemic killing millions of people.
Senior scientists have criticised the “appalling irresponsibility” of researchers in China who have deliberately created new strains of influenza virus in a veterinary laboratory.
They warned there is a danger that the new viral strains created by mixing bird-flu virus with human influenza could escape from the laboratory to cause a global pandemic killing millions of people.
Lord May of Oxford, a former government chief scientist and past president of the Royal Society, denounced the study published today in the journal Science as doing nothing to further the understanding and prevention of flu pandemics.
“They claim they are doing this to help develop vaccines and such like. In fact the real reason is that they are driven by blind ambition with no common sense whatsoever,” Lord May told The Independent.
I might start looking into the whole gas mask deal.
And what can I say…
But I like to know all the makeups of my options.
All of which?
LONDON (AP) — 2 new viruses could both spark global outbreaks ~By MARIA CHENG
Two respiratory viruses in different parts of the world have captured the attention of global health officials – a novel coronavirus in the Middle East and a new bird flu spreading in China.
Last week, the coronavirus related to SARS spread to France, where one patient who probably caught the disease in Dubai infected his hospital roommate. Officials are now trying to track down everyone who went on a tour group holiday to Dubai with the first patient as well as all contacts of the second patient. Since it was first spotted last year, the new coronavirus has infected 34 people, killing 18 of them. Nearly all had some connection to the Middle East.
The World Health Organization, however, says there is no reason to think the virus is restricted to the Middle East and has advised health officials worldwide to closely monitor any unusual respiratory cases.
At the same time, a new bird flu strain, H7N9, has been infecting people in China since at least March, causing 32 deaths out of 131 known cases.
WHO, which is closely monitoring the viruses, says both have the potential to cause a pandemic – a global epidemic – if they evolve into a form easily spread between people. Here’s a crash course in what we know so far about them:
Q: How are humans getting infected by the new coronavirus?
A: Scientists don’t exactly know. There is some suggestion the disease is jumping directly from animals like camels or goats to humans, but officials are also considering other sources, like a common environmental exposure. The new coronavirus is most closely related to a bat virus, but it’s possible that bats are transmitting the disease via another source before humans catch it.
Q: Can the new coronavirus be spread from human to human?
A: In some circumstances, yes. There have been clusters of the disease in Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Britain and now France, where the virus has spread from person-to-person. Most of those infected were in very close contact, such as people taking care of a sick family member or health workers treating patients. There is no evidence the virus is spreading easily between people and all cases of human-to-human transmission have been limited so far.
Q: How are people catching the bird flu H7N9?
A: Some studies suggest the new bird flu is jumping directly to people from poultry at live bird markets. Cases have slowed down since Chinese authorities began shutting down such markets. But it’s unclear exactly what kind of exposure is needed for humans to catch the virus and very few animals have tested positive for it. Unlike the last bird flu strain to cause global concern, H5N1, the new strain doesn’t appear to make birds sick and may be spreading silently in poultry populations.
Q: What precautions can people take against these new viruses?
A: WHO is not advising people to avoid traveling to the Middle East or China but is urging people to practice good personal hygiene like regular hand-washing. “Until we know how and where humans are contracting these two diseases, we cannot control them,” said Gregory Hartl, WHO spokesman.
Just getting worse as the days go on.
can I order ANY of these (see top article above) in bulk?
cause, I have a feeling…
We are all gonna be needing them.