yeah about that

News Mash: Square Kilometer Array needed to study the now, non-existent black holes?

The idea has been around since 1783

And is one that has generally been held up by most everyone in the field of physics.

Too bad?

Stephen Hawking says  you’re wrong:

[via io9]Stephen Hawking says there are no black holes ~Ria Misrayeah about that

At least, not as we’ve defined them. In a new paper, Hawking says that one of the defining features of black holes — the complete inability of even light to escape — may not hold true.

“The absence of event horizons mean that there are no black holes — in the sense of regimes from which light can’t escape to infinity,” writes Hawking, in a new paper. In other words, the notion that black holes have an event horizon, which prevents anything from escaping ever, is wrong.

Hawking posted the paper, titled “Information Preservation and Weather Forecasting for Black Holes” up on arXiv, but it hasn’t yet gone through peer review.

So what exactly does all this mean for theories about how black holes work? The New Scientist has a terrific look at some of the questions raised by the paper, and how to answer them:

It’s yet another quantum versus relativity showdown!

Indeed. Firewalls mean that one of the two theories is wrong, so physicists have been scrambling to find a compromise that doesn’t produce these flaming problems. Now Hawking has waded in and says the solution is to give up the very thing that makes black holes so intriguing – the event horizon.

Wait a minute… does that mean you could actually escape from a black hole?
Potentially, although you would probably need to be travelling at the speed of light. “The absence of event horizons means that there are no black holes – in the sense of regimes from which light can’t escape to infinity,” writes Hawking in his new paper, which he posted online earlier this week. Instead, black holes have “apparent horizons”, surfaces which trap light but can also vary in shape due to quantum fluctuations, leaving the potential for light to escape.

…[Read More]

And because he does?

Looks like this future African Continental Telescope Array…

Called the Square Kilometer Array?

Could come in pretty hand.

Cause now that we know what they are NOT…

Maybe the Square Kilometer Array will soon be able to tell us what they ARE:

[via Scientific American] Continental Telescope Array Could Usher Astronomy Revolution in Africa ~By Clara Moskowitz

Scientists are predicting an astronomy renaissance on the African continent in coming years, thanks in part to a giant radio telescope array being built there. But the road to cosmic cachet is not an easy one, and African science advocates are scrambling to take full advantage of the opportunities coming their way.

“Astronomy really is about to explode across the African continent,” astronomer Kartik Sheth of the U.S. National Radio Astronomy Observatory said January 9 at the 223rd meeting of the American Astronomical Society near Schwarzschild black holeWashington, D.C. The challenge, he said, is to make sure African astronomers benefit from the surge of facilities being built in their midst. “We want to build long-term sustainable collaborations that are mutually beneficial to the U.S. and to Africa. We don’t want brain and data drain from Africa to the U.S.”

The biggest game-changer on the continent will be the Square Kilometer Array (SKA), the world’s largest network of radio telescopes designed to survey the sky faster than any instrument before it. Roughly 3,000 radio dishes—having a combined total surface equal to a light-collecting area of about a square kilometer—will be spread across vast distances to offer a resolution akin to a single dish encompassing the whole span. “SKA will be the premier project of the coming decades, completely revolutionizing radio astronomy,” said Ted Williams, director of the South African Astronomical Observatory. “The largest part of the SKA will be sited in Africa, and it’s continent-wide, extending across eight African countries:” Botswana, Ghana, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia. A smaller portion of the project will be built in Australia.

…[Read More]

Lucky for you too.

Because, pffft

It’s not like physicists like to go around and be wrong all the time.

Right?

Jeez, Stephen…

Way to party-poop on a centuries long party, by rattling beliefs.

Yikes.

But, you know…

Kinda awesome all at the same time, right?

Who doesn’t, after all, enjoy a good ol’ common challenge to the ‘status quo‘?

[Source]

bubbles of doom

News Mash: Deadly ferrets, bubbles of existential doom & “Merry Christmas!”

What?

No idea why some scientists are freaking out over the fact…

That some other IDIOT scientists are trying to make the H5N1 bird-flu virus more dangerous to humans:

[via Independent]’Untrue statements’ anger over work to make H5N1 bird-flu virus MORE dangerous to humans ~by Steve Connor

Some of the world’s most eminent scientists have severely criticised the arguments used by some influenza researchers who are trying to make the H5N1 bird-flu virus more dangerous to humans by repeatedly infecting laboratory ferrets.

[Source]

More than 50 senior scientists from 14 countries, including three Nobel laureates and several fellows of the Royal Society, have written to the European Commission denouncing claims that the ferret experiments are necessary for the development of new flu vaccines and anti-viral drugs.

They also said it is “untrue” to state that the new mutations in the laboratory strain of H5N1, which have enabled the bird-flu virus to be airborne transmissible between ferrets and, potentially, people, have already been seen in nature.

The letter signed by 56 eminent scientists, many of whom are national science academicians, was designed to correct “misstatements” made by the president of the European Society of Virology, Professor Giorgio Palu, who they claim made “incorrect” assertions about the need to carry out the research in an earlier letter he had sent to the Commission.

…[Read More]

Because, honestly…

In the overall scheme of things?

Doesn’t really matter.

The Universe is gonna crush us into a ball of disposable energy bits…

At any time now:

[via io9]New calculations suggest the Universe could collapse at any time

All things being equal, the universe is set to continually expand, eventually ripping itself to shreds in about 22 billion years. But Danish scientists say an expanding bubble of existential doom could crush the Universe into a tiny ball. And crazily, the odds of this collapse is higher than previously thought.

bubbles of doom

This theory isn’t actually new. But the scientists who conducted the new study say previous calculations were incomplete. Their new, more precise calculations, now show that (1) the universe will probably collapse, and (2) a collapse is even more likely than the old calculations predicted.

…[Read More]

And now, with THAT happy thought?

Just wanted to wish you and yours…

A very Merry Christmas!

Enjoy it…

While you still can!

*smiles*

Because between the hubris of Science and the nefarious nature of the universe…

It very well could be your last.

Mwhahahahaha!

[Source]

Happy thoughts, right?

Just thought you needed some this close to the craziness of holidays and all.

And, no, please…

Don’t thank me.

It was my pleasure.

a jewel in the heart of nature

News Mash: The “amplituhedron” and other jewels in nature!

Science has discovered a new priceless treasure!

A jewel, it seems…

Is at the very heart of Quantum Physics.

[via Wired]Scientists Discover a Jewel at the Heart of Quantum Physics ~By Natalie Wolchover, Quanta Magazine

Physicists reported this week the discovery of a jewel-like geometric object that dramatically simplifies calculations of particle interactions and challenges the notion that space and time are fundamental components of reality.

“This is completely new and very much simpler than anything that has been done before,” said Andrew Hodges, a mathematical physicist at Oxford University who has been following the work.

The revelation that particle interactions, the most basic events in nature, may be consequences of geometry significantly advances a decades-long effort to reformulate quantum field theory, the body of laws describing elementary particles and their interactions. Interactions that were previously calculated with mathematical formulas thousands of terms long can now be described by computing the volume of the corresponding jewel-like “amplituhedron,” which yields an equivalent one-term expression.

…[Read More]

Unsurprising…

For those of us who are fans of Mother Nature.

For we few, we proud few…

Know that “priceless treasures” have ALWAYS been a part of anything, and everything, in nature.

[via io9]Amazing close-up photos of snowflakes taken without a microscope ~Katharine Trendacosta

These are the best kinds of snowflakes: the kind that are under the lens of a camera and not piled up outside my door. A Russian photographer uses a set up he made himself to take these photos….

a jewel in the heart of nature [Source]

Russian photographer Alexey Kljatov uses a homemade camera rig to take these amazing close-ups of the snowflakes that fall on his balcony….check out his blog for many, many more.

…[Read More]

From enormous, to minute…

No matter the vast, or microscopic, size?

Jewels…

TRUE treasures exists in all levels of nature.

We just have to take the time to SEE it.

nailed it

News Mash: Time traveling sea lion nabs easy meal!

Some people…

(i.e. boring poopy heads)

Scoff at the idea of time travel.

Some fool, they…

Eh?

Cause if you think time travel…

(i.e. you’re a boring poopy head)

ISN’T possible?

Watch this sea lion make a fool of you:

Sneaky sea lion steals fish out of fisherman's hands [Source]

See how it travels through time relative to the doofus, standing still on the boat…

Holding dinner, just WAITING to be snagged?

Yup.

The sea lion time traveling?

nailed it [Source]

testify

Reactionary Animated Gifs: Witness, A Capella Science – Bohemian Gravity…Testify!

Physics is awesome.

A fact?

Which cannot be stated near enough.

And for all those in doubt?

Witness:

[via io9]This physics grad student made a mind-blowing Bohemian Rhapsody cover ~Robert T. Gonzalez

Question: What do you get when you mix a cappella, sock puppets, string theory and Queen? Answer: The geekiest (and astonishingly good, musically speaking) cover of “Bohemian Rhapsody” EVAR. Easily the greatest physics-themed cover of the classic we’ve ever heard. Seriously. The thing’s a masterpiece.

To be fair, “Bohemian Gravity” may well be the only physics-themed version of “Bohemian Rhapsody” ever made, but that doesn’t change the fact that it is very, very well done. The creation of McGill University Masters candidate Timothy Blaise (who posted this link to his recently submitted thesis, along with the video), the track does way more than touch on some of the more confounding elements of string theory; from a compositional standpoint, it also manages to be an outstanding cover of “Bohemian Rhapsody,” full stop. Also, there’s an Einstein sock puppet. Now who the hell can’t get behind that?

Check out the lyrics below. For more of Blais’s musical work, hit up his YouTube Channel.

Is string theory right?
Is it just fantasy?
Caught in the landscape,
Out of touch with reality
Compactified
On S5 or T*S3

Space is a pure void
Why should it be stringy?
Because it’s quantum not classical
Nonrenormalizable
Any way you quantize
You’ll encounter infinity
You see

Quanta
Must interact
Via paths we understand
Using Feynman diagrams
Often, they will just rebound
But now and then they go another way
A quantum
Loooooop
Infinities will make you cry
Unless you can renormalize your model
Of baryons, fermions
And all other states of matter…

…[Read More – Read All of the Amazing Lyrics HERE!!!]

Honestly…

After a video like that?

How can one ever be in doubt?

testify [Source]

more

News Mash: Your ‘consciousness’ is far more, capable of more, than you could ever imagine!

Absolutely.

Consciousness?

Is far more…

Than we probably understand it to be:

[via io9] Does consciousness arise from quantum processes in the brain? ~George Dvorsky

Stuart Hameroff is a Professor of Anesthesiology and Psychology at the University of Arizona — but he’s a pariah as far as most neuroscientists are concerned. The reason? Consciousness, he dares say, is far more than just a computational process — it’s actually quantum.

Along with the esteemed mathematician Sir Roger Penrose, Hameroff is the co-author of the highly controversial Orch OR model of consciousness (Orchestrated Objective Reduction ) — the suggestion that quantum phenomenon, rather than classical mechanics, can explain conscious awareness.

The theory presents a new kind of wave function collapse that occurs in isolation, called objective reduction. This wave function collapse, they argue, is the only possible non-physical thing that can account for a non-computable process, namely consciousness. They speculate that this could happen inside the brain’s microtubules.

In addition, they get into some weird territory and discuss quantum souls, the afterlife, reincarnation, and Hinduism and Buddhism. They even hit some futurist topics like the Singularity, cryonics, and chemical brain preservation, and also discuss Hameroff’s upcoming paper (together with Roger Penrose) where they will review and present new evidence in support of their theory.

…[Read More]

And because it is?

Oh…

Your consciousness has FAR more influence over you?

Than you could ever have imagined!

[via DailyMail]The cancer patient cured by a broken radiotherapy machine and the paralysed man who walked again after Dr Rankin, a Western-trained physician, pored over hundreds of peer-reviewed studies from medical journals to find proof for her theory that the mind can cure the bodyvisiting Lourdes: New book shows incredible influence of the mind over the body

  • Dr Lissa Rankin’s Mind Over Medicine: Scientific Proof That You Can Heal Yourself draws on scientific studies to prove the power of self-healing
  • Dr Rankin was medically trained but became frustrated by seeing patients who were clearly ill but who returned negative test results
  • She says she was cynical about views that the mind had power over the body as she was brought up by a father who was a ‘conventional physician’
  • Other cases she refers to include a woman who was cured from severe nausea by a pill which causes vomiting – because she was told it would help

By Emma Innes

It is often said that the mind has a huge amount of power over the body and a new book has set out to prove just how powerful it can be.

In Mind Over Medicine: Scientific Proof That You Can Heal Yourself, Dr Lissa Rankin lays out many remarkable examples of how the mind can affect the body.

For example, she cites one study in which a group of patients were given a saline solution which they were told could be chemotherapy.

Despite the fact it was only salt water, 30 per cent of the patients lost their hair.

She also mentions the case of a psychiatric patient with a split personality who is diabetic when she is in one personality and not when she is in the other to the point where her blood sugar readings change dramatically.

Dr Rankin, a Western-trained physician and obstetrics and gynaecology doctor from California, pored over hundreds of peer-reviewed studies from medical journals to find proof for her theory that the mind can cure the body.

In her book, she shares some of the extraordinary cases that she came across.

These also include a patient who suffered from severe nausea and vomiting who was given a drug that she was told would undoubtedly cure her.

Within a few minutes, she recovered entirely despite the fact that the doctors had lied to her – she had actually been given a drug known not to prevent nausea, but to cause it.

Through her research, Dr Rankin discovered that patients who are given placebos do not just feel better – they can actually become clinically better.

She writes: ‘I had been thoroughly indoctrinated into the dogmatic principles of evidence-based medicine, which I worshipped like the Bible.

‘I refused to trust anything I couldn’t prove with a randomised, controlled clinical trial.

‘Plus, having been raised by my father, a very conventional physician who made fun of anything New Age, I was as hard-nosed, closed-minded, and cynical as they come.’

However, as her experience of medicine grew, her views started to change.

…[Read More]

Matter over body.

Mind OVER matter.

Therefore?

It’s mind over body.

Trick is?

You just have to KNOW it to be.

more [Source]

this is going to suck

News Mash: NDE’s are nice, unless yours? Preceded by you falling into a black hole. Then? It’s gonna suck!

NDE’s (near-death experiences)…

They change people’s lives?

Forever!

But Science has no definitive idea what they are…

Other than once in a lifetime experiences, had only by people on the very brink of death!

[via LiveScience]Near-Death Experiences More Vivid Than Real Life ~by Tia Ghose

Long after a near-death experience, people recall the incident more vividly and emotionally than real and false memories, new research suggests.

“It’s really something that stays in the mind of people as a clear trace, and it’s even more clear than a real memory,” said Vanessa Charland-Verville, a neuropsychologist in the Coma Science Group at the University of Liege in Belgium. She, along with colleagues, detailed the study online March 27 in the journal PLOS ONE.

Mysterious phenomenon

Roughly 5 percent of the general population and 10 percent of cardiac-arrest victims report near-death experiences, yet no one really knows what they are, Charland-Verville told LiveScience.

Across cultures and religions, people describe similar themes: being out of body; passing through a tunnel, river or door toward warm, glowing light; seeing dead loved ones greet them; and being called back to their bodies or told it’s not time to go yet.

Some think near-death experiences show the spirit and body can be separated. Others say oxygen deprivation or a cascade of chemicals in the failing brain are to blame. Some believe near-death experiences reveal the existence of God or heaven.

But what makes finding an explanation even more complicated is that healthy people in meditative trances and those taking hallucinogens, such as ketamine, describe very similar experiences, Charland-Verville told LiveScience.  [Trippy Tales: The History of 8 Hallucinogens]

Life-changing events

Because it’s impossible to monitor these events in real time, Charland-Verville and her colleagues spoke with those who had gone through these trancelike states, sometimes years earlier.

“People are transformed forever by the experience,” she said. “People say they’re more empathic, they changed jobs, they’re giving, they want to help the planet.”

The team gave memory questionnaires to eight coma survivors who had near-death experiences, six who had coma memories but no memory of near-death experiences, seven who had no memories of their coma, and 18 people who had not had any of these experiences.

The questions assessed people’s memories of imagined events as well as memories of near-death events, comas and emotional events from real life.

Even years later, the near-death experiences seemed hyperreal. In fact, they were remembered more clearly and emotionally than all other types of memories.

Charland-Verville speculates that these experiences have shaped religious symbols across cultures since the dawn of time. Now, the researchers want to study the brain activity of these individuals.

“If it changed people’s lives, there must be something different in their brain functioning,” she said.

…[Read More]

And just to be clear here…

By saying “on the brink of death”?

Uh…

I don’t mean THIS (below).

Cause if you are ever unlucky enough to fall into a black hole?

[via Nature] Astrophysics: Fire in the hole! Will an astronaut who falls into a black hole be crushed or burned to a crisp? this is going to suck~by Zeeya Merali

In March 2012, Joseph Polchinski began to contemplate suicide — at least in mathematical form. A string theorist at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics in Santa Barbara, California, Polchinski was pondering what would happen to an astronaut who dived into a black hole. Obviously, he would die. But how?

According to the then-accepted account, he wouldn’t feel anything special at first, even when his fall took him through the black hole’s event horizon: the invisible boundary beyond which nothing can escape. But eventually — after hours, days or even weeks if the black hole was big enough — he would begin to notice that gravity was tugging at his feet more strongly than at his head. As his plunge carried him inexorably downwards, the difference in forces would quickly increase and rip him apart, before finally crushing his remnants into the black hole’s infinitely dense core.

But Polchinski’s calculations, carried out with two of his students — Ahmed Almheiri and James Sully — and fellow string theorist Donald Marolf at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), were telling a different story1. In their account, quantum effects would turn the event horizon into a seething maelstrom of particles. Anyone who fell into it would hit a wall of fire and be burned to a crisp in an instant.

…[Read More]

You won’t SEE the light…

But you’ll BE the light.

As in a big ball of fire.

Which probably wouldn’t be nearly as fun as an NDE, as far as experiences go.

So?

Forewarned.

And?

You’re welcome.

Good Intentions Hell

News Mash: Environmentalists suffer The Law of Unintended Consequences and in vain.

Greenies, environmentalists…

Have really good intentions, when it comes to some of the crazy decisions they make…

On behalf of ALL of us, when it comes to the regulations & laws of our daily lives.

And when it comes to their long-term goals?

Of protecting the environment, Mother Nature.

Some of these ingenious plans…

Yeah, well?

Can definitely be said to be subjected to: The Law of Unintended Consequences

[via HotAir]Reminder: That incandescent light bulb ban was not a good idea ~by Erika Johnsen

Why? Not merely because government directives might forcibly funnel consumer demand, investment, and R&D toward a product that really isn’t ready for mass consumption, but also because, no matter how great their intentions might be, the free market is always better than politicians at picking efficient solutions. The free market’s only bias is in appealing to people’s rational self-interest; i.e., if people figure out that Product A is more expensive or of lower quality than comparable substitute Product B, people will buy Product B.

In this case, the compact fluorescent bulbs politically favored by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 encountered a lot of resistance because CFLs are impractical, more expensive, and it turns out they might actually be a cancer risk, no big deal or anything. But if the goal is to get people to buy bulbs that use electricity more efficiently, government mandates aren’t nearly as effective as a product that can actually make those electricity savings more pragmatic, more affordable, and more worthwhile, and the market is happy to provide. Via the NYT:

You’ve probably seen LED flashlights, the LED “flash” on phone cameras and LED indicator lights on electronics. But LED bulbs, for use in the lamps and light sockets of your home, have been slow to arrive, mainly because of their high price…

That’s a pity, because LED bulbs are a gigantic improvement over incandescent bulbs and even the compact fluorescents, or CFLs, that the world spent several years telling us to buy.

LEDs last about 25 times as long as incandescents and three times as long as CFLs; we’re talking maybe 25,000 hours of light. Install one today, and you may not own your house, or even live, long enough to see it burn out. …

You know how hot incandescent bulbs become. That’s because they convert only 5 to 10 percent of your electricity into light; they waste the rest as heat. LED bulbs are far more efficient. They convert 60 percent of their electricity into light, so they consume far less electricity. …

…[Read More]

Resulting in?

The Law of Unintended Consequences to…

And extremely DEADLY degree.

[via National Review]Bald Eagles Fall to Green Energy ~by Deroy Murdock

When bald eagles confront danger, most normal Americans would leap to preserve, protect, and defend America’s national symbol. But Team Obama’s response is completely different: It wants to give wind-power companies long-term permits to butcher Bald Eagles on the altar of green energy.

The dirty secret about “clean” wind power is that its turbines are giant, whirling machetes. According to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), “With more than 100,000 turbines expected to be in operation in the United States by 2030, annual bird mortality rates alone (now estimated by the Service at 440,000 per year) are expected to exceed one million.”

Like other birds, eagles sometimes do not detect blades that often revolve at 200 miles per hour. Such birds of prey focus on finding smaller creatures to devour and then fatally smack into windmills.

Bald eagles and golden eagles are among the victims. This is the first significant bad news for bald eagles since their return from near-extinction. According to the Audubon Society, only 417 nesting pairs of bald eagles inhabited the continental United States in 1963. The bald eagle joined the Endangered Species List on July 4, 1976. Public and private protection helped secure its June 2007 delisting. At least 7,066 nesting pairs now populate the lower 48 states, among a total world population of some 330,000.

And now this.

Most Americans would expect Washington to shield these beautiful, majestic, and soaring creatures. Instead, they are being sacrificed in the name of environmental correctness.

…[Read More] [Be sure to check out THIS article, out of Nevada, which not only makes LIGHT such death, but tries to make it seem inconsequential, CLICK HERE!]

But honestly…

Love the Greenies, I really do. They have amazingly fantastic intentions.

And who doesn’t love good intentions?

Good Intentions Hell

But honestly, considering the “bigger picture”?

I think they are wasting their time.

No matter what light bulb you use?

We’re all gonna die anyway:

[via Scientific American]How the Higgs Boson Might Spell Doom for the Universe ~By Saswato R. DasHiggs Boson

Physicists recently confirmed that the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, the particle physics laboratory in Geneva, had indeed found a Higgs boson last July, marking a culmination of one of the longest and most expensive searches in science. The finding also means that our universe could be doomed to fall apart. “If you use all the physics that we know now and you do what you think is a straightforward calculation, it is bad news,” says Joseph Lykken, a theorist who works at the Fermilab National Accelerator Laboratory in Illinois. “It may be that the universe we live in is inherently unstable.”

…[Read More]

So…

You see, in the end?

Mother Nature just laughs at us ALL.

And not in a pretty, flirtatious  way…

But in a “Haha, change all the light bulbs, and use all of the stupid wind farms you like–I’m going to blow you up anyway!” kinda way.

Sorry, Greenies.

quantum foam

News Mash: Problem with quantum communications networks? Utilize quantum foam!

Developing a space-based quantum communications network…

Will one day provide a faster than light (literally) communications system.

Question is:

Is it really possibly for quantum communication signals to reach long distances without being lost or scattered in the vast emptiness of all of the space in between?

[via InsideScience.org]Scientists are pushing to create a space-based quantum communications network that could enable impossible-to-monitor transmissions.

In doing so, they might make it possible for someone named Scotty to really teleport some information into space.

It would be enough “to spook” Albert Einstein, said Thomas Jennewein of the University of Waterloo in Ontario, one of the top researchers in the field.

The encryption research could have immediate practical implications. The process would make use of entangled photons, what Einstein–who resisted the consequences of quantum theory until his death –called “spooky action at a distance.”

“If we can use correlations between entangled photons to establish a quantum key, it could be used for secure communications,” said Jennewein.

Einstein and two colleagues theorized in 1935 that if you had two quantum systems that interacted, such as two atoms in a molecule, and then separated them, they would remain entangled, meaning their properties would be inextricably linked. Measuring one atom would instantly produce a change in the other no matter how far apart they were.

Einstein believed that there was a universal speed limit: nothing could travel faster than light so he thought such communication—”spooky action”—would be impossible.

But in 1972, a group of U.S. scientists showed that is exactly what happens, at least over the short distances of their laboratory experiment.

Decades before, another physics giant, Werner Heisenberg, proposed in his famous uncertainty principle that merely  observing a particle or otherwise disturbing it changes its properties, and–according to quantum theory–so instantly would that of its entangled twin.

Common encryption involves using keys, series of numbers, and letters that code and decode messages. The sender has one key that encrypts the message; the person receiving the message has another which decodes it.

Scientists can envision sending beams of quantum signals from one place to another to produce encryption keys, but there is a problem.

Quantum communications signals have not been able to travel very far on Earth. The current record is 89 miles set in the Canary Islands by Jennewein and a team, then of the University of Vienna. The problem is transmission loss or scattering in the atmosphere.

Even using fiber-optic cables is not the answer, according to Joshua Bienfang, at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, another expert in the field. The chances of a single photon traveling safely more than around 250 miles in a fiber-optic cable is slim, he said.

That’s why Jennewein and other researchers are looking to space, where the beams would not scatter in the vacuum. His lab, among others, now has produced a design for such satellites that would test that out.

…[Read More]

That question is, of course…

One based on the premise that there exists EMPTY space.

Because if you ask one physicist?

Oddly enough…

He’s gonna tell you how:

[via io9] There is no such thing as emptiness. There is only quantum foam. ~by Esther Inglis-Arkellquantum foam

According to some scientists, there is no such thing as empty space. What we have instead is called “quantum foam.” We can’t see it, but we just might be able to sense it.

The guy who came up with the term “quantum foam” is John Wheeler. In the “shut up and calculate” era of post-World War II era, he pushed both students and the world at large to keep thinking about Einstein’s theory of relativity and its consequences – so you know he was cool. He also had the middle name of Archibald – so you know he knew a thing or two about cool names. And so it’s natural that he used term “quantum foam” to describe one of the more perplexing ideas of physics.

The idea comes from the attempts to merge relativistic gravity with quantum mechanics. Gravity, Einstein proved, was a bending of the fabric of spacetime. It also behaves like a field. Place a point far away from the Earth, and it still will be part of the Earth’s gravitational field, but it will be out where the tug of gravity is weak. Place it close to the Earth, and the tug is stronger, and it will fall. Other planets warp spacetime and create their own gravitational tugs. So space isn’t gravity-free, but a vast array of different gravitational tugs through which particles move. Pretty much everywhere that anything is placed, there is a gravitational field that it moves through.

Quantum mechanics doesn’t work quite the same way. It is looked at as more point particles and waves, without fields. Quantum field theory attempts to look at space as another field that point particles move through. This is significant because it allows space to also be a field that point particles spring from. Although the idea of particles suddenly appearing seems nonsensical, it is not an unheard-of idea. And it’s backed up by experimental evidence.

Scientists have observed quantum tunneling. This happens when a particle goes through a barrier that it should not have the energy to penetrate. It would be something like slowly rolling a soccer ball at a thick wall and watching it suddenly pop out the other side. Particles that do it must be getting a vast quantity of energy from nowhere. Physicists believe that, over short period of time, particles can suddenly “borrow” energy and tunnel out. The shorter the period of time, the more energy they can borrow. On a quantum scale, this isn’t so weird. Due to the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, the closer an object’s position is fixed, the more its momentum can fluctuate into unknown territory. If the particle’s position is definitely close to the wall, it might have the energy to tunnel through. And if the particle is going with a certain momentum, and you’re certain of that, its position might not be what you think.

We know that particles do make use of quantum tunneling, which means, from a conventional point of view, that over short periods of time they must “borrow” energy from the universe. And Einstein proved that energy and mass are equivalent. If the universe can borrow energy, why not mass?

…[Read More]

So what am I saying?

Simply this:

If the true issue of a quantum-based communications network, revolves solely around the problem of quantum communication signals fail to successfully expand across long, vast empty distances?

Then shouldn’t the fact that EMPTY distance, heck empty ANYTHING, does not exist, and “empty space” is in fact filled with a quantum foam, resolve that problem? And if it does, then the true problem emerges, revealing itself, that being at how physicists need to figure out how to use quantum foam to our advantage, when it comes to creating a quantum-based communications network.

A problem which? Obviously, I don’t have an answer to.

But hey, I already solved ONE problem (see above)…

What more do you want from me?

oprah named forbes most influential celebrity 2013(1)

Jeez.

Standard Higgs

News Mash: A Shape-Shifting Jesus & Higgs Boson? Maybe…On both counts.

People who are not prone to believe in religion…

Or God?

Of course scoff at this “new” revelation:

[via LiveScience]Shape-Shifting Jesus Described in Ancient Egyptian Text

A newly deciphered Egyptian text, dating back almost 1,200 years, tells part of the crucifixion story of Jesus with apocryphal plot twists, some of which have never been seen before.

Written in the Coptic language, the ancient text tells of Pontius Pilate, the judge who authorized Jesus’ crucifixion, having dinner with Jesus before his crucifixion and offering to sacrifice his own son in the place of Jesus. It also explains why Judas used a kiss, specifically, to betray Jesus — because Jesus had the ability to change shape, according to the text  — and it puts the day of the arrest of Jesus on Tuesday evening rather than Thursday evening, something that contravenes the Easter timeline.

The discovery of the text doesn’t mean these events happened, but rather that some people living at the time appear to have believed in them, said Roelof van den Broek, of Utrecht University in the Netherlands, who published the translation in the book “Pseudo-Cyril of Jerusalem on the Life and the Passion of Christ“(Brill, 2013).

Copies of the text are found in two manuscripts, one in the Morgan Library and Museum in New York City and the other at the Museum of the University of Pennsylvania. Most of the translation comes from the New York text, because the relevant text in the Pennsylvania manuscript is mostly illegible.

…[Read More]

A shape-shifting Jesus?

“How silly!” You say.

But it’s not like Science is not prone to “shape-shifters” of their own…

And ones?

They haven’t conclusively discovered, to their specifications, either:

[via Scientific American]We’ve Found the Higgs Boson. But Which One?Standard Higgs

When last we checked in on the hunt for the Higgs, physicists weren’t yet ready to call the deal done. They were only willing to say that they had discovered a new particle—some sort of boson—and that this new boson was “Higgs-like.” Their reticence hinged on the measurement of the new particle’s spin, a fundamental quality that, for bosons, must take an integer value such as 0, 1 or 2. Both in July, when the proto-Higgs was first announced, and in November, when scientists released additional data analysis, they didn’t have enough data to definitively say that the boson had a spin of zero, which a Higgs must have.

That uncertainty has now melted away. This week, physicists gathered in Moriond, Italy announced that additional data from the Large Hadron Collider’s 2012 data run now conclusively show that the new boson has a spin of zero, and is thus a Higgs boson.

The question now becomes: just what kind of Higgs boson is it? And might it have hidden twins?

The Standard Model of particle physics—the extremely successful set of theories that physicists use to understand the universe but which most scientists believe is incomplete—predicts that the Higgs boson should behave in a particular way. Once we know its mass (which we do), the Standard Model precisely determines with what frequency the Higgs should change into other subatomic particles (a Higgs lasts for only a fraction of a second before decaying into other particles; these particles are what scientists measure at the LHC). Because scientists want to deeply probe the Standard Model to see where it fails—thus pointing the way to a new and deeper understanding of physical law—they have been closely monitoring just how the Higgs decays.

Early results indicated that the Higgs-like particle was behaving as the Standard Model predicts—with one intriguing exception. The Higgs seemed to be decaying into two photons about twice as often as it should. Could the discrepancy open a much-anticipated crack in the Standard Model?

Alas, no. New results presented at the Moriond Conference show that the apparent excess in photons was likely a statistical fluke. The Higgs appears to be a boring old Standard Model Higgs boson after all. Physicists hoping to find problems with the Standard Model will have to wait until the data from the next LHC run—which, because of a planned two-year shutdown to upgrade the machine, won’t begin before 2015.

Those who pine for strange Higgs physics now hope for a blockbuster: that the Higgs we’ve discovered isn’t the Higgs boson, but rather only the first of many.

…[Read More]

Scientifically minded non-believers scoff at religious believers.

Religious believers scoff at scientifically minded non-believers.

So what am I saying?

That is a lot of “scoffing”, which accomplishes nothing…

On either side.

Is it really TOO hard to comprehend the fact that maybe, just MAYBE, the truth that we all seek…

Lies somewhere in between?

A truth no side is likely to see, because each is blinded by their need for THEIR side to be 100%.

And seriously…

Can anyone ever be 100% right?

In a Universe where so little, even the most seemingly, inconsequential things, are known with certainty.

entangled diamonds

News Mash: Physics is definitely worth a second look regarding quantum biology & “entangled” diamonds!

How many people do you know, who get excited about physics?

Not many, I bet…

But honestly?

It is definitely a science to get excited about.

And the interest is only growing…

[via io9]11 Emerging Scientific Fields That Everyone Should Know About ~by George Dvorsky

There was a time when science could be broken down into neat-and-tidy disciplines — straightforward things like biology, chemistry, physics, and astronomy. But as science advances, these fields are becoming increasingly specialized and interdisciplinary, leading to entirely new avenues of inquiry. Here are 11 emerging scientific fields you should know about.

Quantum Biology

This is a freaky one — but then again, anything with the word “quantum” in it is bound to be weird. Physicists have known about quantum effects for well over a hundred years, where particles defy our sensibilities by disappearing from one place and reappearing in other, or by being in two places at once. But these effects are not relegated to arcane lab experiments. As scientists are increasingly suspecting, quantum mechanics may also apply to biological processes.

Perhaps the best example is photosynthesis — a remarkably efficient system in which plants (and some bacteria) build the molecules they need by using energy from sunlight. It turns out that photosynthesis may in fact rely on the “superposition” phenomenon, where little packets of energy explore all possible paths, and then settle on the most efficient one. It’s also possible that avian navigation, DNA mutations (via quantum tunnelling), and even our sense of smell, relies on quantum effects. Though it’s a highly speculative and controversial field, its practitioners look to the day when insights gleaned may result in new drugs and biomimetic systems (with biomemetics being another emergent scientific field, where biological systems and structures are used to create new materials and machines)

…[Read More – Read About ALL ’11 Emerging Scientific Fields That Everyone Should Know About’ HERE!]

So?

Dig yourself in, expand your mind!

You never know…

You might become the NEXT big physics fan!

Hey, wha?!

It could happen.

After all, just read this next article and riddle me this…

Why is this not awesome?!

[via PBS.org]Quantum Entanglement Links Two Diamondsentangled diamonds

Usually a finicky phenomenon limited to tiny, ultracold objects, entanglement has now been achieved for macroscopic diamonds at room temperature

Diamonds have long been available in pairs–say, mounted in a nice set of earrings. But physicists have now taken that pairing to a new level, linking two diamonds on the quantum level.

A group of researchers report in the December 2 issue of Science that they managed to entangle the quantum states of two diamonds separated by 15 centimeters. Quantum entanglement is a phenomenon by which two or more objects share an unseen link bridging the space between them–a hypothetical pair of entangled dice, for instance, would always land on matching numbers, even if they were rolled in different places simultaneously.

But that link is fragile, and it can be disrupted by any number of outside influences. For that reason entanglement experiments on physical systems usually take place in highly controlled laboratory setups–entangling, say, a pair of isolated atoms cooled to nearly absolute zero.

In the new study, researchers from the University of Oxford, the National Research Council of Canada and the National University of Singapore (NUS) showed that entanglement can also be achieved in macroscopic objects at room temperature. “What we have done is demonstrate that it’s possible with more standard, everyday objects–if diamond can be considered an everyday object,” says study co-author Ian Walmsley, an experimental physicist at Oxford. “It’s possible to put them into these quantum states that you often associate with these engineered objects, if you like–these closely managed objects.”

To entangle relatively large objects, Walmsley and his colleagues harnessed a collective property of diamonds: the vibrational state of their crystal lattices. By targeting a diamond with an optical pulse, the researchers can induce a vibration in the diamond, creating an excitation called a phonon–a quantum of vibrational energy. Researchers can tell when a diamond contains a phonon by checking the light of the pulse as it exits. Because the pulse has deposited a tiny bit of its energy in the crystal, one of the outbound photons is of lower energy, and hence longer wavelength, than the photons of the incoming pulse.

Walmsley and his colleagues set up an experiment that would attempt to entangle two different diamonds using phonons. They used two squares of synthetically produced diamond, each three millimeters across. A laser pulse, bisected by a beam splitter, passes through the diamonds; any photons that scatter off of the diamond to generate a phonon are funneled into a photon detector. One such photon reaching the detector signals the presence of a phonon in the diamonds.

But because of the experimental design, there is no way of knowing which diamond is vibrating. “We know that somewhere in that apparatus, there is one phonon,” Walmsley says. “But we cannot tell, even in principle, whether that came from the left-hand diamond or the right-hand diamond.” In quantum-mechanical terms, in fact, the phonon is not confined to either diamond. Instead the two diamonds enter an entangled state in which they share one phonon between them.

…[Read More]

Oh, come on…

You know it is.

It’s OK to admit it.

eat pray physics

News Mash: Eat. Pray…Physics?

What’s not to love about physics?

Seriously…

Think about.

Physicists can make an extremely difficult subject seem fun:

Published on Feb 26, 2013

mp3: http://melodysheep.bandcamp.com // A musical celebration of E=MC squared and Einstein’s theory of relativity. Featuring Michio Kaku, Brian Cox, Neil deGrasse Tyson, Brian Greene and Lisa Randall.

Subscribe for more videos!
youtube.com/melodysheep
http://symphonyofscience.com

Sources:
Through the Wormhole
Einstein’s Big Idea (NOVA)
The Elegant Universe (NOVA)
Wonders of the Solar System (BBC)
Einstein’s Equation of Life and Death (BBC)
What Time Is It (BBC)
Einstein (History)
The Universe in a Nutshell
Relativity and the Twin Paradox
What Lies Beyond Our Own Space-Time Continuum
The Universe – Brian Cox lecture

As well?

As make an extremely UNCOMPLICATED concept…

Such as dividing an Oreo?

Crazily complex.

Published on Feb 26, 2013

It’s a basic human desire to separate an OREO cookie. Humans love either cookie or creme. And sometimes a man just needs to invent a machine to do the hard work of separating the two. Today, that man is physicist and cookie-part preferrer David Neevel. Watch him operate the machine he created that separates OREO cookies.

Physics.

Whether you realize it or not?

It makes out whole world go around.

So why not give it a try…

Cause if you do, before yo know it?

Yeah…

You might surprise yourself and love it more than just a little.

eat pray physics

the magica of time reversal

News Mash: Ever seen the movie ‘Groundhog Day’? No chance of ever happening! “Pffft,” says Science.

Humorous concept.

Especially with Bill Murray at the helm.

How could it NOT be?

A weather man is reluctantly sent to cover a story about a weather forecasting “rat” (as he calls it). This is his fourth year on the story, and he makes no effort to hide his frustration. On awaking the ‘following’ day he discovers that it’s Groundhog Day again, and again, and again. First he uses this to his advantage, then comes the realisation that he is doomed to spend the rest of eternity in the same place, seeing the same people do the same thing EVERY day.

Genre:Comedy/Fantasy
Director:Harold Ramis
Cast:Bill Murray, Andie MacDowell, Chris Elliott

Although…

I must say?

The concept of a time loop in REALITY?

Yeah…

A little LESS humorous, and a LOT more scary:

[via Physorg]…

Using a time-reversal technique, the team has discovered how to transmit power, sound or images to a nonlinear object the magica of time reversalwithout knowing the object’s exact location and without affecting objects around it. Their work, “Nonlinear Time Reversal in a Wave Chaotic System,” was published in the Feb. 7 issue of the Physical Review Letters journal. “That’s the magic of time reversal,” says Steven Anlage, a university physics professor involved in the project. “When you reverse the waveform’s direction in space and time, it follows the same path it took coming out and finds its way exactly back to the source.” Play it backwards The time-reversal process is less like living the last five minutes over and more like playing a record backwards, explains Matthew Frazier, a postdoctoral research fellow in the university’s physics department. When a signal travels through the air, its waveforms scatter before an antenna picks it up. Recording the received signal and transmitting it backwards reverses the scatter and sends it back as a focused beam in space and time.

…[Read More]

What am I saying here?

Basically this:

I love you, Science, I really do, but I wish you would…

STOP MAKING SCARY A** STUFF!

Jeez.

 

Not a generalists

News Mash: Strive to be a generalists…It can only enhance your life!

For those of you who frequent here…

You know I tend to post some off the walls things.

I just find the strangest things interesting.

Take THIS (below):

(Phys.org)—Quantum physics presents several counterintuitive features, including entanglement, tunneling and – as demonstrated in double-slit experiments – wave-particle duality. When studying wave-particle duality, however, so-called interferometric quantum eraser experiments – in which wave-like behavior can be restored by erasing path information – allow researchers to perform differential measurements on each of two entangled quantum systems.
Of Einstein and entanglement: Quantum erasure deconstructs wave-particle duality
(Double-slit experiments not involving quantum erasure utilize superposition of single particles, while in quantum eraser experiments two particles are entangled.) Specifically, the particle feature’s welcher-weg (which-path) information is erased (or not) from one system, and interference-based measurements in the other system are used to observe (or not, as the case may be) its wave feature.

…[Read More]

Even though I may not understand it fully…

I can’t help but find it fascinating, even the small parts that I DO understand.

And you know what?

Even understanding a little…

No matter the subject?

Is better for you to understand in the long run…

[via LifeHacker]Knowing a Little of Everything Is Often Better Than Having One Expert Skill ~by Adam DachisNot a generalists

Creativity and innovation seems to flow from dedication to a particular type of work, but productivity and ideas blog the 99u noticed a trend: the best stuff seems to come from generalists, or people who know about a wide variety of topics.

You can’t know about just one thing. Not only does that make you an often boring conversationalist, but it prevents you from connecting with others through your work as well. Thinking of things without any connection, without multiple perspectives, leads to work that’s often un-relatable. Being more of a generalist makes it possible to take something personal and share it with others in a way they not only understand but can appreciate:

At the same time, creativity often requires drawing analogies between one body of knowledge and another. Pablo Picasso merged Western art techniques with elements of African art. He was struck by the way African artists combined multiple perspectives into a single work, and that helped lead to the development of cubism. Similarly, great scientists often draw parallels between different areas to create new ideas. In the history of science, Johannes Kepler struggled to understand how the planets could move around the sun, and drew on his knowledge of light and magnetism to try to understand the force that moved the planets.

…[Read More]

Rather than not to attempt to understand at all.

So, yes…

I am a generalist, when it comes to a million little things.

And not only is that OK?

But it’s fun, not to mention a wonderful thing!

As a result I always attempt to stretch the boundaries of my enlightenment, and you should to…

It could only work to you benefit, by enhancing your world!

my santa gift

News Mash: “Santa months” and the deliver of Christmas gifts!

Apparently…

“Santa Months” are much like “dog years” when it comes to equatable people time.

In other words?

They do not amount to the same time.

Cause what is about six “Santa Months” of delivery time for Santa on Christmas Eve?

Is 12 hours or less normal people time…

Cause The Man gets it done!

[via PopSci]FYI: How Long Would It Take Santa To Deliver Presents To Every Kid On Earth?

About six “Santa months,” according to Larry Silverberg, a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at North Carolina State University. He’s a Santa math specialist (really) whose students took on the problem.

Here’s how he got there: Santa has to deliver gifts to around 200 million children spread over 200 million square miles. Because each household has 2.67 children, there are about 75 million homes to visit and the average distance between homes is about 1.63 miles, Santa needs to cover 122 million miles.

To cover that distance in 24 hours on Christmas, Mr. Claus’s sleigh would need to travel at a whopping average speed of 5,083,000 mph. Silverberg argues that the feat is possible because the sleigh would have to travel 130 times more slowly than the speed of light, which is 300 million meters per second, or 669,600,000 mph. Because something already moves that quickly, it would be difficult, but not impossible, for Santa to travel at 5,083,000 mph.

Traveling at 5,083,000 mph seems a bit fast for a plump old man so Silverberg and his students found a more realistic scenario: relativity clouds. Relativity clouds, based on relative physics, allow Santa to stretch time like a rubber band and give him months to deliver gifts, while only a few minutes pass for the rest of us. (Silverberg theorizes that Santa’s understanding of relative physics is far greater than our own.)

Silverberg’s theory is plausible, says Danny Maruyama, a doctoral candidate researching systems physics at the University of Michigan. If Santa were to travel at about the speed of light, share the delivery work-load with his elves and makes use of relativity clouds, he would be able to deliver the presents in about five minutes Earth time, Maruyama says. “While I don’t know much about relativity clouds myself, I think it’s very possible that a man who flies in a sleigh, lives with elves, and has flying pet reindeer could have the technology needed to utilize relativity clouds,” he says.

…[Read More]

Not sure HOW he does it…

But he does.

And I am appropriately impressed.

So much so?

That I hope Santa brings me what I want for Christmas this year:

[via DailyMail] Holy cash-in Batman! A one-off Nissan Juke inspired by the Dark Knight Detective is being given away in a competition run by the the Japanese car giant.

Timed to coincide with the DVD release of the movie The Dark Knight Rises, the Juke Nismo has a host of Batman-themed extras.

Looking like something the masked avenger might use to nip down to Sainsbury’s on a rare quiet night in Gotham City, the car has matte black paint reminiscent of the ‘Tumbler’ Batmobile seen in director Christopher Nolan’s trilogy.

Downsizing, Batman?: Nissan is giving away a one-off Batman-themed Juke to celebrate the DVD release of The Dark Knight Rises

Downsizing, Batman?: Nissan is giving away a one-off Batman-themed Juke to celebrate the DVD release of The Dark Knight Rises

Vigilante vehicle: : As well as a matte black exterior like the film's 'Tumbler' Batmobile, the Juke features bat symbols throughout the exterior and interior

Vigilante vehicle: As well as a matte black exterior like the film’s ‘Tumbler’ Batmobile, the Juke features bat symbols throughout the exterior and interior

It also has unique ’bat’ detailing, including a ‘shark fin’ antenna and aluminium bat badges on the front grille and tailgate, kick plates and the suede sports seats.

No word yet on whether it has explosive cannons, the ability to jump across huge gaps using a jet engine, a motorcycle ‘Batpod’ escape vehicle or bulletproof plating.

…[Read More]

But?

As Santa tends to give me what I need and NOT what I want (because of what is best for me? And if I had that awesome car I would end up being chased by all the DPS Troopers in Texas cause NO WAY could I go slow in it!)…

More than likely, he will probably just bring me something like THIS:

[via Hammacher]The Remote Controlled Rolling Beverage Cooler.my santa gift

This amusing remote-controlled cooler can roll across a patio, rug, or kitchen floor to deliver a well-timed beverage to parched party guests. With room for 12 cans or bottles and ice, the cooler rolls on four sturdy underside wheels up to 40′ from the host at the controls. The remote’s simple controls send the cooler forward, backward, and left or right. With sides of water-resistant insulated vinyl and a secure zippered lid, beverages stay cold for hours. The cooler can be carried with the removable shoulder strap and collapses to just 6 1/2″ tall for storage. Sturdy construction can transport 22 lbs. of drinks and ice. Requires one 9-volt battery and six C batteries. 13 1/4″ H x 12″ diam. (7 lbs.)

Item 76019

Price $79.95

…[Read More]

Which is awesome too!

Very much so.

Don’t think I won’t appreciate it…

Please!

Cause Santa, I totally will…

But still…

That doesn’t make me wish for that car in my stocking any less.

And yeah…

I have a pretty big stocking.

What of it?

Christmas stocking animation with candy canes